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A gingivectomy is a periodontal procedure that eliminates excess gum tissue. The term “gingivectomy” is derived from Latin:

“gingiva” means gum tissue,
“-ectomy” means to remove.

The following are some reasons a gingivectomy might be needed:

  • Cosmetics: To make the teeth look normal in size when the gum is covering too much of it, making the teeth look longer and more proportional.
  • Functional/Esthetics: To remove excess gum tissue (gingival overgrowth) that has formed as a result of certain drugs such as anti-seizure and organ-transplant medications, and certain high blood pressure medications.
  • Bone and gum health around the teeth: To shrink deep gum pockets. This procedure might require some bone work as well.