A gingivectomy is a periodontal procedure that eliminates excess gum tissue. The term “gingivectomy” is derived from Latin:
“gingiva” means gum tissue,
“-ectomy” means to remove.
The following are some reasons a gingivectomy might be needed:
- Cosmetics: To make the teeth look normal in size when the gum is covering too much of it, making the teeth look longer and more proportional.
- Functional/Esthetics: To remove excess gum tissue (gingival overgrowth) that has formed as a result of certain drugs such as anti-seizure and organ-transplant medications, and certain high blood pressure medications.
- Bone and gum health around the teeth: To shrink deep gum pockets. This procedure might require some bone work as well.